How Do Falconers Care for Their Falcons?


Are you considering taking care of a falcon? Are you aware of the challenges that come with it? The intricacies in ensuring these majestic birds’ well-being go beyond just providing food and shelter. From specialized housing to tailored diets, in my opinion, falconers must meticulously attend to every aspect of their falcon’s life. But what about the unique methods used to build trust and companionship with these raptors? Let’s explore the comprehensive care regimen that we falconers employ to keep our feathered companions in peak condition.

What falconers need to do to care for their falcons

As a falconer, caring for my birds is not just a duty but a profound responsibility and a rewarding journey. Here’s how I ensure the well-being and welfare of my feathered companions:

  1. Providing Adequate Housing: I prioritize providing spacious and comfortable housing for my birds. A suitable mews or aviary with perches and shelter from the elements is essential for their health and happiness.
  2. Ensuring Clean Water: I make sure my birds have access to fresh, clean water at all times. Regularly changing their water and offering opportunities for bathing are crucial for their hygiene and well-being.
  3. Offering a Varied Diet: Tailoring a nutritious diet to each bird’s species and nutritional needs is paramount. I incorporate a variety of prey items, supplemented with vitamins and minerals, to ensure they receive a balanced diet.
  4. Monitoring health: I observe my birds closely for any signs of illness or injury. Regular health checks and prompt veterinary care are essential for maintaining their well-being and addressing any health issues promptly.
  5. Providing enrichment: I strive to keep my birds mentally stimulated and engaged. Offering environmental enrichment, such as perches, toys, and opportunities for natural behaviours, prevents boredom and promotes their overall happiness.
  6. Regular Training Sessions: Training sessions are not just about honing their hunting skills but also about building trust and strengthening our bond. I dedicate time to regular training sessions to maintain their physical fitness and responsiveness to commands.
  7. Maintaining Hygiene: Cleanliness is key to preventing disease and ensuring my birds’ comfort. Regularly cleaning their living quarters, perches, and equipment is part of my routine to maintain a healthy environment.
  8. Gentle handling: I handle my birds with care and respect, understanding that trust is earned over time. Gentle handling builds trust and fosters a positive relationship between us.
  9. Adhering to Legal and Ethical Guidelines: I am committed to upholding the highest falconry ethics and legality standards. Obtaining required permits and licenses and complying with wildlife conservation regulations is non-negotiable.
  10. Continuous Learning: Staying informed about advancements in falconry techniques, bird health, and husbandry practices is essential. I am always eager to learn and adapt to provide the best possible care for my birds.
Peregrine Falcon

Housing and Facilities

How do housing and facilities impact the well-being and performance of falcons in falconry practices? Nesting materials play a crucial role in providing comfort and security to falcons. Natural materials like straw or wood shavings mimic their wild habitat. Perch design is essential for maintaining their foot health and muscle strength; varying diameters and textures help exercise their feet. Temperature regulation is vital, as falcons are sensitive to extreme heat or cold. Maintaining a stable and comfortable temperature range is crucial. A strict cleaning routine is necessary to prevent diseases and maintain hygiene. Regularly removing waste and replacing nesting materials is key. Additionally, implementing security measures like proper fencing and locks ensures the safety of the falcons from predators and theft.

Dietary Management

In falconry practices, the dietary management of falcons plays a critical role in ensuring their health and performance. Falcons have specific nutritional requirements that must be met through a balanced diet. A regular feeding schedule is essential, typically consisting of whole prey items such as quail, pigeons, or rodents. Monitoring the falcon’s weight is crucial, as it indicates the bird’s health and fitness level. Adjustments to the diet may be necessary to maintain optimal weight for hunting and flying. Additionally, dietary supplements like vitamins and minerals can be provided to address any deficiencies. Careful attention to food sources, portion sizes, and overall nutrition is fundamental in supporting the well-being and abilities of falcons in falconry practices.

Health Monitoring and Veterinary Care

Regular health monitoring and prompt veterinary care are essential aspects of falconry to ensure their well-being and performance. When caring for my falcon, I prioritize the following:

  • Regular Check-Ups: Scheduled visits to monitor overall health and detect any issues early.
  • Preventative Care: Implementing measures like vaccinations and parasite control to prevent illnesses.
  • Veterinary Support: Having a knowledgeable avian vet who understands the unique needs of falcons.
  • Health Monitoring: Observing behavior, weight, and droppings daily to catch any signs of illness promptly.


Maintaining a strong bond between a falconer and their falcon is crucial for successful falconry practices. Trust building forms the foundation of this relationship. Training techniques like positive reinforcement and consistency help establish trust and mutual respect. Socialization exercises, where the falcon is exposed to different environments and stimuli, build confidence and strengthen the bond. Communication methods like using specific cues for commands create understanding between the falconer and the bird. Recognizing behavioural cues, such as body language and vocalizations, is essential for interpreting the falcon’s needs and emotions. By focusing on trust, training, socialization, communication, and behavioural cues, the bond between a falconer and their falcon can flourish, leading to a successful partnership in falconry.

Enrichment and Behavioral Stimulation

How can falconers provide enrichment and behavioural stimulation for their falcons to ensure their well-being and optimal performance in falconry practices? Enrichment activities play a crucial role in maintaining a falcon’s physical and mental health. To achieve this, falconers can introduce various behavioural challenges to keep their birds engaged and stimulated. Mental stimulation techniques such as puzzle feeders or training tasks help exercise the falcon’s cognitive abilities. Environmental interactions like exposure to different sounds and sights in controlled settings mimic natural experiences. Additionally, providing social engagement opportunities through interactions with other falcons or supervised human interactions can prevent boredom and loneliness, contributing to a well-rounded falconry experience.

Training and Behavioral Conditioning

Introducing structured training programs is essential to shaping desired behaviours and responses in falcons, ensuring their readiness for falconry. Positive reinforcement plays a pivotal role in this process, rewarding desired behaviours like responding to commands or flying to the falconer’s glove. Trust building is fundamental; establishing a bond based on respect and understanding aids in successful training outcomes. Flight training is a significant aspect, allowing falcons to hone their natural skills while being directed through exercises that simulate hunting scenarios. Socialization techniques help acclimate falcons to different environments and interactions, reducing stress and enhancing adaptability. Behaviour modification techniques are employed to address unwanted behaviours, gradually replacing them with more desirable ones through consistent training and reinforcement.

Exercise and Physical Conditioning

Engaging in regular physical exercise is crucial for maintaining the health and performance of falcons in falconry. To ensure our falcons are in optimal condition, we focus on various aspects:

  • Flight training, strength building
  • Hunting practice, agility exercises
  • Outdoor activities, flying skills
  • Wing workouts, endurance training

These routines are essential for enhancing the falcon’s fitness levels and muscle conditioning. Flight training and wing workouts help build strength and endurance, preparing the falcon for long hunting sessions. Agility exercises and outdoor activities improve flying skills and overall agility. By incorporating fitness routines and muscle conditioning into their regimen, falconers can ensure that their falcons are physically fit and ready for the demands of falconry activities.

In caring for my falcon, I have come to realize that our bond is like a delicate dance between predator and prey. Through meticulous attention to housing, diet, health, and training, I have witnessed the beauty of our partnership unfold like a well-choreographed ballet. Just as the falcon trusts me to provide for its needs, I trust in our connection to soar to new heights together. It is truly a show of trust and mutual respect.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Do Falconers Build a Bond With Their Falcons?

  • Building a bond with a falcon involves trust, communication, and positive reinforcement. By consistently using training methods, such as reward-based techniques and clear signals, falconers can strengthen their bond with their falcons.

What Types of Enrichment Activities Do Falconers Provide for Their Falcons?

  • Providing environmental enrichment, behavioural training, food puzzles, outdoor excursions, and social interactions is crucial for a falcon’s mental and physical well-being. 

How Do Falconers Ensure the Mental Well-Being of Their Falcons?

  • I create a fulfilling and balanced life for my feathered companion through mental stimulation, behavioural training, environmental enrichment, social interactions, and monitoring psychological well-being.

What Is the Importance of Socialization for Falcons in Captivity?

  • Socialization is crucial for falcons in captivity. It fosters behavioural development through social interactions and environmental exploration. Positive reinforcement and proper handling techniques provide mental stimulation and enrichment opportunities. 


Welcome to my falconry website! My name is Richard, and I have been practising the art of Falconry for over 15 years. My fascination with birds of prey began at a young age when I visited a falconry sanctuary as a kid. The experience was truly captivating, and from that moment on, I knew I wanted to learn more about these majestic birds. So my dad and I started to adventure towards the possibility of one-day becoming falconers, and that's how my journey in Falconry began. I find birds of prey to be remarkable at hunting prey. Their strength, speed, and intelligence are truly remarkable, and I've always been fascinated by the relationship between a falconer and their bird. The first bird I started my falconry journey with was a Harris Hawk, as I knew these were the easiest birds to start with. Unfortunately, I lost my Harris Hawk during the early days of training, which was devastating. However, this loss only made me want to try harder and do better in perfecting the art of Falconry to ensure I never lose a bird. Over the years, I have mentored many apprentice falconers and shared my knowledge and skills along the way. I have experience with a variety of birds, including different species of Hawks, Falcons, and Owls. Although my Best choice of bird to hunt with has always been my Peregrine falcon Jules. I have also worked with many experienced falconers and bird trainers, greatly expanding my knowledge and skill set while observing and learning. Unfortunately, due to a lack of information on the web, I struggled to find what I needed when I started in Falconry. Thus, I created this website to make learning about Falconry easier and faster for those interested. Now with the information and experience, I will provide throughout this site, understanding Falconry should be much easier than when I started out.

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