Requirements for Housing a Peregrine Falcon

Peregrine perched during training

To properly house my peregrine falcon, I ensured the aviary was spacious and sturdy, with high walls and a protective roof. I provided a few different perches and roosting spots at varying heights. The shelter must shield the bird from harsh weather with proper ventilation and shade. Set up feeding and watering stations securely with fresh food and water daily. Enrich the environment with various perches, toys, and bathing trays for mental stimulation. The detailed requirements cover aviary size, perches, shelter, feeding, and environmental enrichment for the falcon’s comfort and health.

Aviary Size and Structure

The peregrine falcon is a powerful bird that requires plenty of space to exercise its wings and fly. A minimum aviary size of 10 feet by 10 feet with a height of at least 8 feet is recommended for one bird. However, providing a larger space is always beneficial for the bird’s physical and mental well-being if you have the means. The aviary should have sturdy walls, preferably made of strong mesh or wire with small openings to prevent the bird from escaping or predators from entering.

harris hawk wingspread

The structure of the aviary should also allow for different levels and perches for the falcon to rest and fly. This can be achieved by adding branches, ropes, and platforms at different heights within the enclosure. It is essential to regularly inspect and maintain the aviary to ensure it remains secure and in good condition.

Adequate Perches and Roosting Areas

Peregrine falcons spend a lot of time perching and resting, so it is crucial to provide adequate and comfortable perches for them. The ideal perch size should be at least 2 inches in diameter, allowing the bird to grip and rest its feet comfortably.

Peregrine Falcons are natural perching birds that need elevated spots to rest, observe their surroundings, and feel secure. When designing their living space, consider installing various perches at different heights and angles to encourage movement and exercise. Natural branches, wooden platforms, and rocky outcrops can simulate their wild environment and offer diversity for the falcon to perch comfortably.

Also, including roosting areas that provide shelter from extreme weather conditions and predators is vital for the falcon’s safety and well-being. These areas should be strategically placed within the aviary to allow the falcon to rest undisturbed.

Shelter and Protection From Elements

The shelter should be designed to shield the falcon from harsh weather conditions such as rain, wind, snow, and extreme temperatures. Without protection, your bird could get frostbite, hindering its health. A sturdy, waterproof, and insulated roof can offer protection from rain and snow, while proper ventilation is vital to prevent heat buildup in warmer weather. Additionally, the shelter should have walls to protect the falcon from strong winds and drafts.

The shelter should be positioned in a location that minimizes exposure to direct sunlight during hot periods and provides adequate shade. This helps regulate the temperature within the aviary and prevents the falcon from overheating. It’s also important to regularly inspect the shelter for any signs of damage or wear and tear, ensuring that it provides effective protection for the Peregrine Falcon.


Proper Feeding and Watering Stations

Feeding and watering stations for a Peregrine Falcon must be strategically placed within the aviary to provide easy access for the bird while maintaining cleanliness and hygiene standards.

The feeding station should have a sturdy, easy-to-clean bowl or tray that securely attaches to the aviary structure to prevent spills and contamination. Fresh food, such as high-quality meats like quail, pigeon, or chicken, must be provided daily to meet the falcon’s nutritional needs.

Watering stations should include a shallow, easy-to-clean bowl securely fixed to prevent spills and contamination. Clean, fresh water must be provided daily to ensure the falcon stays hydrated and healthy. Monitoring water levels regularly and refilling as needed throughout the day, especially during hot weather or after feeding is important. 

Environmental Enrichment and Stimulation

To enhance the environment for a Peregrine Falcon, it’s important to provide opportunities for physical exercise, mental engagement, and behaviors typical of their wild habitat.

Incorporating perches of varying heights and textures within the housing enclosure allows the falcon to exhibit natural behaviors like scanning for prey and engaging their talons. Providing objects for manipulation, such as toys that simulate hunting, can help prevent boredom and encourage mental stimulation. You can also include elements like shallow water trays for bathing or offering live prey for hunting exercises that can contribute to the falcon’s overall well-being.

Rotating and changing enrichment items regularly is crucial to prevent habituation and maintain the falcon’s interest. Also, monitoring your bird’s behavior and observing any changes in activity levels can help identify if adjustments or additions are necessary to keep the falcon stimulated and healthy. Overall, providing a stimulating and enriching environment is vital for the physical and mental health of a Peregrine Falcon living in captivity. 

As you can see, creating an ideal housing environment for your Peregrine Falcon requires careful consideration of their natural behaviors and needs. Providing adequate space, perches, shelter, feeding, and environmental enrichment is essential for the bird’s comfort and health. Regular monitoring and maintenance of the aviary is also necessary to ensure that it continues to meet all these requirements. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a Peregrine Falcon Be Housed Indoors?

  • Yes, a Peregrine Falcon can be housed indoors, but it requires a large enclosure with proper ventilation, natural light, and space for flight. Adequate perches, nest boxes, and a quiet environment are essential for their well-being.

How Often Should I Clean the Falcon’s Aviary? 

  • The aviary should be cleaned daily to remove spills, debris, and waste. Depending on its size and the number of birds living there, the enclosure should also be deep-cleaned weekly or bi-weekly.

Can I Keep More Than One Peregrine Falcon in an Aviary?

  • Multiple Peregrine falcons can be kept together in a large, spacious aviary. However, monitoring their behavior and interaction is essential to prevent aggression and ensure that each bird has adequate space for perching, nesting, and flying. 

What Measures Should Be Taken to Protect the Falcon From Predators? 

  • The aviary should be constructed with sturdy materials to withstand potential attacks from predators such as raccoons, cats, and other wild animals. The shelter and perches should also be designed to provide protection and refuge in an attack. 


Welcome to my falconry website! My name is Richard, and I have been practising the art of Falconry for over 15 years. My fascination with birds of prey began at a young age when I visited a falconry sanctuary as a kid. The experience was truly captivating, and from that moment on, I knew I wanted to learn more about these majestic birds. So my dad and I started to adventure towards the possibility of one-day becoming falconers, and that's how my journey in Falconry began. I find birds of prey to be remarkable at hunting prey. Their strength, speed, and intelligence are truly remarkable, and I've always been fascinated by the relationship between a falconer and their bird. The first bird I started my falconry journey with was a Harris Hawk, as I knew these were the easiest birds to start with. Unfortunately, I lost my Harris Hawk during the early days of training, which was devastating. However, this loss only made me want to try harder and do better in perfecting the art of Falconry to ensure I never lose a bird. Over the years, I have mentored many apprentice falconers and shared my knowledge and skills along the way. I have experience with a variety of birds, including different species of Hawks, Falcons, and Owls. Although my Best choice of bird to hunt with has always been my Peregrine falcon Jules. I have also worked with many experienced falconers and bird trainers, greatly expanding my knowledge and skill set while observing and learning. Unfortunately, due to a lack of information on the web, I struggled to find what I needed when I started in Falconry. Thus, I created this website to make learning about Falconry easier and faster for those interested. Now with the information and experience, I will provide throughout this site, understanding Falconry should be much easier than when I started out.

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