Harris Hawk Enclosure

harris hawk perched

As someone who has designed Harris hawk enclosures, I can attest to the importance of creating a spacious mew with varied perches, feeding stations, and proper insulation. The perches should cater to their natural roosting instincts and exercise needs. Maintaining a consistent feeding schedule and a clean environment for their well-being is crucial. Ensuring a comfortable temperature and ventilation is also vital. By focusing on these aspects, you can provide a secure and enriching habitat for Harris hawks. Allow me to assist you by offering the valuable insights below, which I have gathered over the years.

What type of mew does a Harris hawk require?

A Harris hawk requires a mew that serves not only as a safe and comfortable shelter but also supports its physical and psychological needs. Ideally, the mew should be large enough to allow the hawk to fly short distances, with dimensions that enable it to stretch its wings fully without hindrance. A minimum length of at least 8 feet, a width of 6 feet, and a height of 8 feet is recommended. The structure should be built of durable materials that can withstand the elements and the hawk’s talons. Natural light is preferable, with the inclusion of secure windows covered with mesh to prevent escape or injury. 

harris hawk scream

Additionally, the mew should include a variety of perch types—both horizontal and vertical—to mimic the hawk’s natural roosting environments. These perches should be placed at different heights to encourage movement and exercise. The layout and design should consider the hawk’s privacy, making sure there are areas where it can retreat to feel secure. Ventilation is crucial to prevent dampness and the build-up of harmful bacteria, ensuring a healthy living space. The mew should be designed for ease of cleaning and maintenance to safeguard the hawk’s health.

How to build a mew for Harris Hawks

I’ve built several mews for Harris Hawks over the years, and one crucial aspect is getting the size just right to ensure they have enough room to move around comfortably. The design of the mew is also vital, considering factors like ventilation, insulation, and ease of cleaning. Offering shelter options like perches, shelves, and even branches for them to roost on can greatly enrich their environment and promote natural behaviors.

Harris Hawk Mews size and dimensions

As mentioned earlier, the recommended minimum size for a Harris hawk mew is 8 feet in length, 6 feet in width, and 8 feet in height. These dimensions can be adjusted according to the number of hawks being housed and their individual needs. It’s essential to have enough space for them to fly short distances and move around freely without feeling cramped. I usually use the following dimensions, which are slightly higher than the minimum dimensions:

  • Length: 10 to 12 feet
  • Width: 8 to 10 feet
  • Height: 8 to 10 feet

these sizes mentioned above allow my hawk more room and allow me to utilize this space by providing my hawk with enrichment, perches, etc

Harris Hawk Mews’ design

When designing a mew for Harris Hawks, my primary focus is always on the safety and comfort of my birds. I start by ensuring that the structure is escape-proof and predator-resistant. I use high-quality materials for the construction, often opting for hardwood for the frame and strong, non-toxic mesh for the windows. It’s crucial to me that every element of the mew minimizes the risk of injury to the hawk, so I avoid sharp edges and ensure all fixtures are secure.

I also pay close attention to the mew’s interior design, aiming to mimic the hawk’s natural environment as closely as possible. This includes installing various perches at different heights and orientations and providing space for flight. The inclusion of natural elements, like branches or logs, is important to me as it allows the hawks to engage in their natural behaviors. 

Ventilation is another critical factor in my designs. I ensure there is a steady flow of fresh air to keep the mew’s environment healthy and comfortable, but I also make adjustments to avoid draughts. Lighting is equally important; I aim for a good balance of natural light, supplemented with artificial sources if necessary, to support the hawk’s circadian rhythms.

Privacy areas are a must in my mew designs. Harris hawks need secluded spots to retreat to for resting and to feel secure. I usually achieve this by arranging the interior layout to provide hidden corners or sheltered spots away from the main activity areas.

Lastly, ease of cleaning and maintenance is always on my mind when designing a mew. I incorporate features that make it simpler to keep the enclosure clean, such as easily accessible trays for waste removal and materials that can be cleaned without causing harm to the hawk. My goal is to create a habitat that not only meets all my Harris hawks’ physical and psychological needs but also ensures their health and safety in a practical and sustainable way.

harris hawk wingspread

Enrichment Activities for Harris Hawks

To ensure my Harris hawks maintain their physical condition and stay mentally stimulated, I’ve integrated a variety of enrichment activities into their mews. These strategies are designed to emulate the challenges and opportunities they would encounter in the wild, fostering natural behaviors and preventing boredom.

One key enrichment activity involves the use of food puzzles. These puzzles are specially designed to hide small pieces of meat or treats, requiring the hawks to engage in problem-solving behaviors akin to hunting to access their food. This not only stimulates their mind but also encourages physical activity as they maneuver the puzzles to retrieve their reward.

I also introduce objects they can manipulate with their talons and beaks, such as small branches, ropes, or leather toys. These items encourage play and exploration, providing both mental and physical exercise. Changing these objects regularly helps keep the environment novel and engaging.

I also focus on varying the perching options within the mew, adding platforms at different heights and textures. This variety encourages movement and exploration, allowing the hawks to choose their preferred spot and encouraging them to keep active.

By providing these enrichment activities along with a well-structured and safe environment, I aim to ensure my Harris hawks lead fulfilling lives, both physically and mentally.

What are the best materials to build a Harris Hawk enclosure?

When building a mew for a Harris Hawk, choosing the right materials is paramount for the bird’s safety, comfort, and well-being. Here’s a guide on the best materials for key components of the enclosure:

  • Construction of the mew: The overall structure of the mew should be sturdy, secure, and resistant to weather conditions. It’s recommended to use hardwood for the frame, such as cedar or redwood, to ensure strength and durability. The walls can be made from materials like plywood or corrugated metal that are easy to clean and maintain. Mesh can also be used in specific locations for ventilation, so use a mesh that won’t rust.
  • Perches: Use sturdy wooden branches with varying diameters to simulate a natural environment, promoting healthy foot exercise and allowing the hawk to rest and observe its surroundings. Place these branches at different heights to encourage flying and hopping, mirroring their activities in the wild.
  • Shade Options: To safeguard the hawk from harsh weather, integrate natural sources of shade such as trees or install artificial shelters. These provide essential refuge from the sun and rain, ensuring the hawk’s comfort throughout the year.
  • Feeding Stations: Set up feeding stations in a way that promotes the hawk’s natural foraging instincts. Elevated platforms or hidden feeding puzzles stimulate the hawk’s mental engagement and keep it active and entertained, preventing boredom.

By carefully selecting materials for these components, you’ll create a durable, secure, and engaging mew that meets all the needs of your Harris Hawk and ensures its health and happiness.

Best Gravel Options for a Harris Hawk’s Mew

Choosing the right gravel for a Harris Hawk’s mew is crucial for the bird’s health and the overall cleanliness and maintenance of the enclosure. The best type of gravel is pea gravel—small, smooth, rounded stones that are comfortable for the hawks to walk on and provide excellent drainage, keeping the mew dry and hygienic. 

Pea gravel’s rounded edges minimize the risk of injury to the hawk’s feet, which is an essential consideration given the amount of time they spend on the ground. Additionally, its size and shape make it challenging for pests to establish themselves, contributing to a healthier environment for the hawk. The gravel’s natural appearance also adds an aesthetic element to the mew, creating a more visually appealing and stimulating environment for the hawk. 

When laying pea gravel, ensure it is of sufficient depth to prevent the birds from reaching the underlying soil, which might contain harmful bacteria or fungi, further safeguarding the hawk’s health. Regular cleaning and replacement of the gravel will also help maintain a hygienic and attractive mew for your Harris hawk. Overall, pea gravel is the ideal choice for its practical, functional, and aesthetic benefits in a Harris Hawk’s mew. As with all materials used in the construction of the enclosure, make sure the gravel is non-toxic and safe for birds.

Security measures for your Harris Hawks mew

Aside from providing a safe and comfortable environment, it’s essential to take additional security measures to ensure your Harris Hawks are protected from potential predators or escapes. Here are some tips for securing your mew:

  • Secure entrances: Make sure all doors and openings leading into the mew can be securely fastened and locked. This will prevent predators or other animals from accessing the mew and harming your hawks.
  • Cover the top: Install a mesh or netting cover over the top of the mew to prevent any aerial threats, such as birds of prey, from entering. This will also prevent your hawks from flying out of the enclosure.
  • Inspect regularly: Conduct regular checks of the mew’s structure and materials to ensure there are no weak or damaged areas that could compromise the safety of your hawks. Repair or replace any damaged components immediately.
  • Use predator deterrents: Consider installing deterrents such as motion-activated lights, noise devices, or physical barriers around the mew to deter potential predators from approaching.
  • Alarm systems: For added protection, you could also install an alarm system that will alert you if anyone attempts to enter the mew without authorization.

Incorporating these security measures into your Harris Hawk’s enclosure will create a safe and secure environment for your birds, giving you peace of mind as you observe their natural behaviors and interactions. Remember to regularly monitor the mew and make necessary updates or repairs to ensure it remains a safe and comfortable home for your hawks.


Supplies needed for a Harris Hawks aviaries

Maintaining a Harris Hawk’s mew requires consistent supplies to ensure the hawk’s health, safety, and comfort. Below is a list of ongoing supplies needed after the mew is constructed:

Cleaning Supplies:

  • Disinfectant cleaners are specifically safe for use around birds.
  • Scrub brushes and sponges for cleaning perches, feeders, and the mews floor.
  • Disposable gloves for hygienic handling of food and cleaning tasks.

Health and Grooming:

  • First aid kit tailored for birds of prey, including antiseptic spray, bandages, and tweezers.
  • Mite and lice treatments for birds.
  • Nail and beak trimming tools.

Enrichment and Training Tools:

  • Lures and flying lines for training exercises.
  • Various perches of different textures and sizes for foot health.
  • Toys designed for birds of prey to stimulate their hunting instincts.

Mew Maintenance Supplies:

  • Spare materials for repairs, such as mesh, wood, and screws.
  • Pest control supplies to protect the hawk and mew from infestations.

After years of experience working with Harris hawks, I can confidently say that a well-built mew is essential for their health and happiness. Using the best materials and proper gravel, you can create a safe and comfortable enclosure that will meet all your needs. Investing time and effort into constructing a suitable space for your Harris hawk will not only benefit the raptor but also enhance your bond and enjoyment of caring for these magnificent creatures.


Welcome to my falconry website! My name is Richard, and I have been practising the art of Falconry for over 15 years. My fascination with birds of prey began at a young age when I visited a falconry sanctuary as a kid. The experience was truly captivating, and from that moment on, I knew I wanted to learn more about these majestic birds. So my dad and I started to adventure towards the possibility of one-day becoming falconers, and that's how my journey in Falconry began. I find birds of prey to be remarkable at hunting prey. Their strength, speed, and intelligence are truly remarkable, and I've always been fascinated by the relationship between a falconer and their bird. The first bird I started my falconry journey with was a Harris Hawk, as I knew these were the easiest birds to start with. Unfortunately, I lost my Harris Hawk during the early days of training, which was devastating. However, this loss only made me want to try harder and do better in perfecting the art of Falconry to ensure I never lose a bird. Over the years, I have mentored many apprentice falconers and shared my knowledge and skills along the way. I have experience with a variety of birds, including different species of Hawks, Falcons, and Owls. Although my Best choice of bird to hunt with has always been my Peregrine falcon Jules. I have also worked with many experienced falconers and bird trainers, greatly expanding my knowledge and skill set while observing and learning. Unfortunately, due to a lack of information on the web, I struggled to find what I needed when I started in Falconry. Thus, I created this website to make learning about Falconry easier and faster for those interested. Now with the information and experience, I will provide throughout this site, understanding Falconry should be much easier than when I started out.

Recent Posts